Olive tree pruning

Olive tree pruning

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Olive tree pruning, it may seem boring, it does not always require fantasies but it is necessary both if you want the plant to produce enough olives, and if you want a plant that has a dignified and not too intrusive appearance.

Olive tree pruning: plant

This is an arboreal plant that was originally cultivated only in the Middle Eastern areas but today we find it without even surprising us in Italy, France and Spain, in Italy more than in the other two countries. There are olive trees for the production of olives at least 500 varieties, considering both those that make black and green fruits, and from which we obtain oil and even olives to eat as an aperitif or to put on pizza.

All this is also possible thanks to olive tree pruning that allows these trees to keep pace of our good cuisine. We work for the olive tree pruning with an aim almost always linked to its production but it is certainly necessary to take into account other factors such as the variety cultivated, the age of the tree, its physiological conditions and the climate.

Olive tree pruning makes it easier mechanized collection fruit but often also serves to give a definitive shape toadult tree or to readjust it in case of damage caused by climatic agents or by diseases and fires. When a good olive tree pruning is performed, also i fruits are of better quality.

Olive pruning: period

Usually the olive tree pruning it is carried out after the winter period, exactly if we want to mark the date on the calendar, in mid-March, and then in May, when flowering begins. Sure it is necessary use a little common sense, also evaluating from year to year how the season is developing in terms of temperatures and rain.

If in March, for example, spring is still not very convincing, it is better to wait so as not to let the olive tree pruning is a false move. The harvest would suffer. We wait for spring to show a stable and mild climate and then we prune because the cold prevents the wounds in the wood from healing.

It also exists, out of calendar, olive tree pruning, it must be carried out shortly after the first development of the plant and serves to condition the shape of the crown during growth, avoiding violent interventions afterwards, when it could be too late. Another one olive tree pruning to be scheduled when needed it is that of rejuvenation, it serves to favor the vegetative restart of old trees or to improve the growth of foliage damaged by external events.

Pruning of the ornamental olive tree

When ours, or ours, are not fruit trees but present in our garden or balcony for reasons of pure aesthetics, it is still necessary to prune the olive tree. The modalities change because it is no longer a question of increasing production but of give the hair suitable shapes and sizes to make it live healthy but also well integrated into the environment.

An “settled” olive tree can either show a pompom or look like a bush, lower, certainly it does not need to produce too many olives, it is more important that it does not show branches that “disturb” the gaze and destabilize the central structure of the foliage.

Bonsai olive tree pruning

A bonsai olive tree should be pruned like pruning a bonsai of other trees, an art is needed that we explained in the article dedicated to bonsai pruning.

Olive tree pruning: what you need

At this point, having already said it over and over again, let's recap: the olive tree is pruned to increase fruit production, for make it invigorate, to readjust itor and has reported damage linked to external factors or diseases, and to give it a shape that pleases us, compatibly with its health, if ours is an ornamental tree.

Olive pruning: techniques

Leaving the technical manuals to give the details of olive tree pruning, let's see some general indications to start understanding the complexity that the operation entails. First of all, olive tree pruning consists in cutting branches, pollen and branches positioned in different areas chosen with care and not by chance. If we live in a windy area, better to cut the exposed parts upwind which could deform the crown and create asymmetries and stability problems.

The cuts must be made cleanly, the surface must be regular, smooth and inclined, this happens if we use the appropriate tools for olive tree pruning such as this 27 cm hacksaw, also available online on Amazon.

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Video: Caring for Olive Trees in the (August 2022).