Lemon balm, cultivation and advice

Lemon balm, cultivation and advice

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Lemon balm, grown in pots or in the garden. All instructions forgrow lemon balm, a natural remedy to always keep at hand.

Therelemon balmmelissa officinalis, is a very widespread herbaceous perennial plant. Theremelissa officinalisit can be grown easily both in the garden and in pots: it is a rustic plant, therefore very resistant and in need of little care.

Melissa, sowing it

If you've bought seed packets, you can start therecultivation of lemon balmbetween March and April. Those who cultivate in the north, for the cultivation of lemon balm starting from the seed will have to wait until the end of April to operate it in the open field. The cultivation starting from the seed, in a protected environment, can take place starting from the beginning of March.

Lemon balm seeds take 15 to 20 days to germinate. For those who grow in the vegetable garden, you can create rows by spacing the seedlings at about 20 - 30 cm from each other; you just need to place a few seeds at a distance of 20 cm, without having to drill any holes. Those who grow in planters can broadcast sow and thin out after germination.

Cultivation of lemon balm in pots

For thecultivation of lemon balm in pots, choose a fresh and light soil. Lemon balm grows well in shady places: if you have a shaded wall on your balcony or terrace, it will be the perfect location for the plant.

To avoid root rot, avoid using the saucer, or, if you really can't do without it (it's true, the pots get dirty on the balcony and the saucer helps keep the plants in order!) Never leave stagnation and be careful to empty the saucers regularly.

Lemon balm, grown in the garden

For those who grow in the open field, remember that thelemon balmit is a rustic plant so it adapts well to any type of soil. It has no particular needs: it does not like water stagnation and in ideal conditions you will need to carry out containment interventions!

Therelemon balmit tends to spread easily, so you can grow it along the edges of the garden (so it will naturally be contained by the perimeter walls) or get ready to give plants to friends and relatives! The work of thinning and transplanting in pots, you can act in spring. For exposure, choose a dimly lit area.

Lemon balm, cultivation and care

Being a rustic spontaneous species, it does not require particular care. Obviously like all plants it needs water! On the hottest days, in summer, you can get to water it twice a day. The lemon balm plant only suffers from water stagnation because, like all aromatic plants, it is easy for apical rot. Among the most dangerous parasites that can attack the plant, we point out the aphids: a decoction of tansy can be perfect for protecting the plant from aphids! This natural remedy is prepared by boiling 30 grams of fresh tansy in 1 liter of water in proportion. The solution will be sprayed on the plant to be treated.

Lemon balm, harvest and uses

When the plant is well developed, it can be useful for the preparation of various natural remedies. Lemon balm leaves can be used both fresh and dried. Infusions and herbal teas based on lemon balm are widely used for their relaxing properties, to reduce the levels of stress and emotional tension.

Lemon balm leaves and flowers are used, the best time for harvesting falls in autumn or summer (October and July). Lemon balm can be stored after drying or it can be stored in the freezer. Flowers and leaves can be used to enrich salads and fish dishes. Lemon balm is a popular medicinal plant for its beneficial properties: it has digestive properties and its active ingredients are attributed a calming effect.

Melissa, property

Thanks to its active ingredients, lemon balm acts quickly and is therefore considered anatural anxiolytic. For all the properties and uses of the active ingredients of lemon balm, please refer to the article dedicated to hisessential oil: Essential oil of lemon balm.

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