Stelvio National Park, also called Nationalpark Stilfser Joch, in German, was established in 1935: it goes without saying that it is one of the oldest Italian natural parks. It is not only for this, however, that it is so well known. There are much greener reasons to be discovered that make it an essential stop for anyone who loves nature. And for those who should start loving it, very soon!
Stelvio National Park: where it is located
The Stelvio National Park it extends to protect 24 municipalities and 4 provinces, it reaches and connects, on the north side, with the Swiss National Park, to the south, on the other hand, it touches the Adamello-Brenta Provincial Natural Park and the Adamello Regional Park. The result is therefore a beautiful protected area in the middle of the Alps that touches the extension of 400,000 hectares.
Among the wonders to be found in Stelvio National Park, in addition to those concerning flora and fauna, there are the Ortles-Cevedale mountain range and the more unknown but equally deserving alpine valleys of Lombardy, Trentino and Alto Adige.
Stelvio National Park: what to see
The official website of the Stelvio National Park in one of its main pages it states "the Park exists to be visited ". It is such a simple and clear statement that it leaves no room for excuses. A trip to the Stelvio National Park should be organized, also because its considerable size allows it to never get bored.
A glance at the map or a guide and you immediately realize that we can find all the possible naturalistic, historical, landscape itineraries. And suitable for all types of visitors, from the most experienced to the most inexperienced, from the most athletic, to the lazy tourist dragged into Stelvio National Park from girlfriend, friend or some green relative.
Each route takes us sweeping through villages, valleys, mountains in search of glimpses to frame with the gaze, enjoy with the heart and immortalize with a camera or smartphone. Furthermore, it is not only a summer destination Stelvio National Park: in winter, especially for those who love ski touring and ski mountaineering, there are some tempting proposals.
Even those who stay more willingly at the bottom of the valley have many possibilities to walk in nature amidst stupendous views, meeting protected flora and fauna. The Consortium of the Stelvio National Park in collaboration with the Conventioned Alpine Guides, organizes naturalistic excursions, for a fee, with rates that vary with the type and duration.
Stelvio National Park: flora and fauna
From 650 meters to 3900 meters, you can expect all kinds of animals and plants by visiting the Stelvio National Park. As for the fauna of this paradise, it offers us animals such as deer, chamois, roe deer, ibex, marmots, foxes, stoats, squirrels, hares but also badgers and weasels. More difficult to meet but also present in the area wolves, lynxes, the shag and bears.
The latter are not very numerous and probably come from Provincial Natural Park of Adamello-Brenta which, as we have seen, is very close to ours Stelvio National Park. The birds that nest in the area are quite numerous and in the list there are the ptarmigan, the coral chough, the raven, the woodpecker, the buzzard, the sparrow hawk, the owl and theGolden Eagle. There is also the special presence of the bearded vulture, not to make preferences, but because it was the subject of a virtuous reintroduction project in the Stelvio National Park.
The flora is layered and follows the altitude: from 1000 to 2000 meters we find coniferous forests, especially spruce, with some presence of silver fir. Going up it becomes more present until it dominates, the larch, sharing the space with the stone pine and then leaving the higher altitudes to the dwarf shrubs that survive up to about 2600 meters. From 2800 meters up: rocks, scree and perennial snow, with the brave and tenacious lichens.
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