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Pollino National Park, the largest newly established protected area in Italy, but not only. It is also a magical place where Nature and Man they are able to coexist and for millennia weaving close and respectful relationships. IS? This Park was established in 1993, and since that time it has preserved and protected many unique or rare species under its emblem, including the Bosnian pine.
Pollino National Park: where it is located
The Pollino National Park invites us to discover the wonders hidden among the peaks of Dolcedorme and Cozzo del Pellegrino getting lost in observing the water horizons of the Tyrrhenian and Ionian. The protected area embraced is made up of Massifs of Pollino and Orsomarso, belonging to the southern Apennine mountain range, on the border between Basilicata and Calabria.
In this park there are some of the highest peaks in the South that manage to exceed 2200 meters and pleasantly cover themselves with snow, and I don't mean a "splash" but in a way that makes the Alps envious. Pollino National Park however, from the mountains you can see the sea with the naked eye and in particular the one that bathes the Tyrrhenian coasts of Maratea, of Praia a Mare, of Maritime Belvedere and, to the east, those from Sibari to Metaponto.
Pollino National Park Authority
It was in 1993 that the Pollino National Park and starts, a few months after the institution's establishment, in 1994. In fact, however, there had already been a sort of Pollino Regional Park, but never started. The history of this park is in fits and starts, from the point of view of its regulatory path, just think that a first institution of the national park had already taken place with a law of 1988 and in 1990 a provisional perimeter was established together with a number of safeguards.
Going back through the life of the Pollino National Park it turns out that the first "Draft Law for the Valorisation of Pollino"Dates back to 1958. I do not continue with its events, I prefer to look at the present of this national treasure recognized and appreciated in its own right, but it was necessary to mention its misfortunes to explain why it can be heard nicknamed, with more or less tenderness, Paper park, academy park, ghost park, telenovela park, Penelope park, philosophical park. All names that recall a troubled past that we all hope is to be considered buried history.
Pollino National Park: video
To return with your feet and with your gaze into the present of Pollino National Park there is nothing better than a video that shows the beauty with utmost fidelity and seriousness, giving us initial information on what awaits us by continuing to read. Or by leaving and physically going to these wonderlands.
Pollino National Park: interactive map
Before leaving, towards the Pollino National Park, better arm yourself with a map, as well as curiosity, wind and wind, and - I recommend - a device to take many photos.
Pollino National Park: flora and fauna
It is a competition of variety and beauty in which the flora and fauna of the Pollino National Park. Let's start with the flora that is considered unique in quality and vastness throughout the Mediterranean, also thanks to the territory that hosts it and the different climatic conditions. There is no shortage of endemic or rare species and vegetable “gems” such as the acete del Mount Sparviere, on the Ionian side.
Here we can admire five different species of maple living together, "branch by branch": they are the field maple, the sycamore maple. L'Lobel maple, the Hungarian maple and the curly maple. In general, the types vary within the Pollino National Park together with the altitude: near the coast, up to 700-800 m, the Mediterranean scrub reigns with holm oak, juniper, myrtle, strawberry tree and broom.
Moving on to more sandy or rocky areas, one finds one low and sparse vegetation called, called "gariga", or the "Mediterranean steppe". Rising above 800 m, up to 1100 m, you enter the kingdom of oaks that coexist in many varieties, sometimes even sharing their area of Pollino National Park with hornbeam, maple, chestnut and Neapolitan alder, an endemic species of Corsica andSouthern Apennines.
Let's move on to the fauna of Pollino National Park, equally spectacular and varied even if you focus on the world of insects. You can in fact discover the Buprestis splendens, one of the rarest beetles in Europe, and the Rosalia alpina, a beautiful and showy blue beetle.
Turning to the most well-known mammals, the Pollino National Park it hosts them in large quantities starting from the wolf and the wild cat, from the marten and the skunk up to Otter. And then there are ungulates like the boar and roe deer or rodents like it squirrel southern.
It is typical ofCentral-southern Apennines and recognizable by the black of the coat and the white belly. Let's not forget the mistreated bats: so far they have been little studied but already worthy varieties have sprung up such as the vespertilio of Capaccini, the albolimbato bat and the infrequent Molosser by Cestoni.
Pollino National Park: farmhouses
In Pollino National Park there are a hundred farmhouses ready to welcome us to allow us a well-deserved rest and at the same time the precious authentic contact with nature and the traditions of this beautiful land.
To cite an example, inviting me to explore the many opportunities scattered throughout the area, here is the Calivino farmhouse in Rotonda (Pz), right in the heart of Pollino National Park and with a heart that is itself green. Just take a look online to see that it is a lover of short chain products, natural and environmentally friendly materials and supporter of a lifestyle in harmony with the environment.
Pollino National Park: where to sleep
If you want to explore other solutions, visit the park's official website Pollino National Park over 350 structures are suggested to spend the night. By area or by type, we can identify the bed that will best allow us to be fit for walks and excursions in nature.
I mention some particularly green proposals such as the Arieste Farm in Cirella Diamante (CS), La Garavina in Terranova di Pollino (PZ) and the Masseria Cardillo in Bernalda (MT), all in "farmhouse" style, but discover - and a list to comb through - between "rough" shelters and large hotels, for every visitor who the Pollino National Park is ready to welcome.
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