Lilac in Latin it has a very funny name, in my opinion: sirynga vulgaris, yet it does not have the air of joking at all, indeed it is to be taken seriously as a plant given the properties it has. At sight it is a rustic and vigorous shrub, it comes from Asia but has been widespread throughout Europe or almost for millennia.
It has always been practically used in gardens, thanks to a flowering so fragrant that once experienced you don't want to miss it. It is also not difficult to grow and also adapts to thumbs of a little garish green. It has heart-shaped leaves, small flowers and panicles, lilac or white.
There was a period in which al Lilac more exotic and particular plants were preferred, novelties that could make people fall in love, but then this plant turned out to be at their level if not better and became very successful again. We also owe this to the hybridizers, who have produced varieties with flowers of various colors so that everyone can indulge themselves in their own garden.
Lilac: the plant
Our syringa vulgaris it is a deciduous shrub, its leaves are care-shaped and light green in color, with a thin and delicate consistency that is noticeable at first sight but then grows back every spring. Just be patient and wait for March-April.
How to plant the Lilac it is considered vigorous and rustic, it does not fear the cold and prefers to be in a sunny position but not too much under the sun. It adapts and bears some short periods of drought but the flowering is obviously affected.
Lilac: the flowers
As soon as the spring weather makes itself felt, it blooms. It forms long panicles formed by small tubular flowers which open in a star shape at the end. Throughout the beautiful season continues to produce flowers bloom, where it is warmer already in April begins, if it is colder we have to give up and wait for May. Traditionally the flowers of Lilacs are white or purplish, but as mentioned there are hybrid specimens and cultivars with white, cream, dark purple flowers, and also varieties with flowers with a contrasting color margin.
Lilac: healing properties
Since ancient times the Lilac it was cultivated because it was particularly beautiful, therefore excellent for decorative purposes, the Arabs particularly appreciated its flowers. In Russia, however, they had already understood the property beyond aesthetics and still make an antirheumatic oil from it.
The bud extract it is obtained by macerating fresh Syringa vulgaris buds, one of its best known properties is that of promoting coronary vasodilation, improving myocardial trophism. There are various pathologies and problems for which this beautiful plant is indicated as natural remedy: for Angina pectoris, for example, or for coronary syndromes and myocardial-coronary-sclerosis.
Lilac: care and cultivation
Being a hardy plant, the Lilac it requires particular care only if in pot, or if recently planted. When planting it it is good to check that the soil is deep, slightly humid and preferably calcareous, in case of stony and dry soils, it is better to mix the common garden earth with fresh and rich soil and manure.
The best position for a plant is in partial shade because loves to receive light but only for a few hours with the sun directly on it. Watering is certainly necessary, without exaggerating but being careful that the soil is never completely dry. And without alarming us if it happens because a few days of drought endure it.
When winter arrives, if we want to find a plant in good condition the following year, the advice is to spread around the plant of slow release granular fertilizer; or humus or manure. As for pruning, it is to be done immediately after flowering to encourage the development of new shoots and to ensure a more dense and dense development.
A little trick: the Lilac it produces numerous pollens which, spreading, can become as large as the shrub itself from which they started: if we have space we can let them develop, forming a small hedge.
Known and recognized the healing properties of this plant, nothing prevents us from enjoying its sight with some images before deciding to buy one, in pot or starting from seeds.
Lilac: where to buy seedlings
The seedlings of lilac they have a very affordable price if you buy online and give a lot of satisfaction both if kept in pots and if planted. With 4 and a half euros we can buy a seedling with a 7 × 7 cm pot, minimum height 10 cm, already rooted. If we have or want to keep it in pots we just have to pay more attention to some indications of the masters from green thumb.
The seedling must have the right space to grow and a large pot, the soil must not be dry especially in summer, so it is necessary to water often. Since there is not much space in the pot, the pollen must be removed immediately, otherwise it is created crowding of lilacs.
At an even lower price but at the price of much more patience, there are also lilac seeds, at 3 euros every 30 pieces.
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