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Campanula, of the Campanulaceae family, is a genus that includes more than three hundred species, most of which originate from our continent, both in flat and mountainous areas. Almost all bluebells we meet are also evergreen and rustic, and can be grown, with some success and good chromatic results, both at home and in the garden, in pots or in the ground. One way to distinguish between Campanula and Campanula is to understand if the plant has an erect stem or is a climbing or creeping one. They are the three main categories of this plant.
Campanula: the flower
Particular and particularly beautiful, the bellflower flower looks down and is blue-violetusually, but it can also be white or pink. The essential feature is the "bell" shape. With their nice and elegant look, we can find Campanula flowers in unlikely areas, even where the weather conditions are rather impervious and where large quantities of moss grow and little else.
That is why as a plant it is often considered a pioneer. There flowering of Campanula coincides with the summer season, to make it last longer the advice is to eliminate the flowers as soon as they begin to wither. Tricks aside, as a plant it is cultivated very easily and, in pots or in the ground, it prefers semi-shaded positions and humid environments, it needs constant watering and saucers.
There Campanula it is not only known for the flower but also for its effective antiseptic, refreshing, vulnerary and astringent action. This is because it contains excellent protein and mineral substances, as well as active ingredients such as C vitamin and inulin. Who knows why it is not used much in modern herbal medicine, despite actually having a large number of anti-inflammatory properties.
For example, it can be used to keep the oral cavity clean and healthy, but also for digestion, the laxative, diuretic and refreshing effect. It should also be known that the root of the Campanula plant it is starch-free, therefore it is often recommended for diabetics, in general in raw cooking it can flavor salads with its sweetish taste.
An example of the external use of this plant is that which sees it transformed into mouthwash, to fight inflammation, just prepare an infusion of leaves and flowers, always the leaves of the Campanula rapunculus they are often used to apply and treat warts.
There Campanula Portenschlagiana is one of the many species of this perennial that grows well in the garden. In this version it prefers sunny areas and enriched soils, if well kept it becomes a perfect ground cover plant. The branches are creeping and as soon as summer comes they are colored with purple and blue flowers, forming a wave that lasts all season.
Growing very compactly, the C. Portenschlagiana it can be very well kept as a pot plant, in a large planter resting on the ground or in hanging baskets. Aesthetes recommend it as a decoration for rock gardens.
This type is characterized by its modest dimensions: it never exceeds 60 cm in height. This does not mean that this is to be neglected Campanula, because in the summer months it produces delicious blue, lilac or white flowers. Always absolutely of the typical shape, bell-shaped. They can be obtained by loving and caring for it as recommended, both as a pot and garden plant.
Typical of northern Italy, this version of Campanula it has particular rounded leaves with jagged edges. It is quite small, so much so that it does not exceed 20 cm in height, and has a creeping posture. Its flowers appear in spring and usually stay all summer blue-lilac but with the numerous hybrids that exist for this type we must also expect white and particularly large flowers or, as for the C. isophylla 'Mayi', mauve colored flowers flanked by slightly hairy gray-green leaves.
The last example we see, just to get an idea of how a simple and small flower can change and enrich the world's flora, is this persicifolia. It is a perennial plant that this time can reach up to one meter in height, blooms in the summer and has many hybrids. Among all we remember the C. Percifoglia 'Alba CoronataWith its flowers semi-double whites with two-three rows of petals and enlarged stamens. A show easier and more pleasant to watch than to tell in words.
Curious about how the Campanula grown in our pot, or garden if we are lucky enough to have it, it can develop and bloom, let's launch into the cultivation of this very European plant. Here are 1000 seeds of Bell Blue, a sachet costs € 1.40 and will give us plants of variable height, from 10 to 60 cm.
A flower similar to the bellflower especially as regards the color of the flower to which we have dedicated an article that might interest you is thecolumbine.
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