Bernese Mountain Dog, a decidedly large, meek and adorable dog, suitable for the family, if you have space to house it without it blocking the circulation of the house by lying down. I say this from experience, having one, between my feet, on my feet, and in my heart, for almost 10 years.
As the name suggests, the Bernese Mountain Dog comes from the nearby central countryside of Switzerland and the Bernese Prealps, yet it is tricolor, in its coat and displays a triple attitude of character. He is not schizophrenic, but he makes an excellent defense, guard and companion dog. Its original name is Berner Sennenhund, for the record and any curiosity my Bernese is called Lucy, like the friend of the legendary Snoopy, the grumpy one.
Bernese Mountain Dog: origins
The origins of the breed of Bernese Mountain Dog are very ancient, there are even those who hypothesize that it is among the progenitors of Saint Bernard dog and some other Molosser, including the modern Rottweiler. What is certain is that a dog with the appearance of the Bernese Mountain Dog appears on decorated vases dating back to Roman times, a fact that feeds the hypothesis that it was introduced by the legions of Ancient Rome, in Switzerland.
In shape and colors, tricolor, the dog they designed at that time looks like a Bernese Mountain Dog. Another theory on the origins of this breed, however, wants it to be a native Swiss, non-EU, therefore.
In both cases it is proven that initially this dog covered the role of shepherd and herd companion, and of a farmer car, in fact there are still those who call him by his old name - Vaccaro or stable dog - instead of Bernese Mountain Dog.
In recent centuries, due to poorly made crosses with local breeds, there was the risk of not being able to see this splendid breed today except by browsing past albums, but it has fortunately "reborn" thanks to a breeder named Schertenleib who saved her for the broken cap.
The breeding of Bernese Mountain Dog it began in 1907 in the Burgdorf region and three years later, already in a dog show, 107 examples of this robust “cow dog” could be seen parading. That was his baptism, because the name of Bernese Mountain Dog it was assigned to him on that occasion. The breed was then stabilized in the late 1940s thanks to some studied crosses with gods Newfoundland, today it is a utility and family dog with an average lifespan of about 10 years if well kept.
Bernese Mountain Dog: character
To say that it is good, affectionate and sweet is trivial and obvious for those who know even a minimum of the Bernese Mountain Dog. I don't think mine is an exception, talking to other owners of this breed all confirmed to me that they have a truly meek dog.
He is not immediately expansive, despite being exuberant, he maintains a bit of distrust with strangers, but it does not take much to gain his trust and be able to pamper him, receiving in return many licks and a great flutter of the tail. Aggression in the life of a person is truly an exception Bernese Mountain Dog who in the family identifies two pack leaders and with them and eternal fidelity obedience.
Children are also sacred to this dog, not only does it grow fond of it but likes to play with it and protects them by becoming an excellent babysitter. From a child's point of view, more than a babysitter the Bernese Mountain Dog is a huge soft toy. With other dogs he is available even if not particularly expansive. He is on his own, he does not have, but neither does he have outbursts of sociability, he goes much more in search of caresses and human attention.
From personal experience, the Bernese Mountain Dog coexists very well with cats. Maybe not offering them to him as a puppy, but otherwise he has no problems, they have such different characters and also totally different sizes that there is no reason to get into conflict.
Bernese Mountain Dog: puppy
A separate chapter is to be devoted to puppies of the Bernese Mountain Dog because they show a very characteristic behavior. For the first months, almost a year, of their life they spend the whole day sleeping and exploring the environment. A few minutes to eat and to do the needs, otherwise a cheerful alternation of play, adventure and sleep.
The puppies get agitated, filled with emotions, colors and sounds still unknown to them, and then collapse tired in a deep sleep for several hours. Are quite comedians these mini specimens of Bernese Mountain Dog in this way they manage the day, they are very tender when they discover the world and also when they recover energy by snoring at our feet as if they had just discovered America. Maybe that afternoon, for them, a certain corner of the garden with 4 bushes was.
Bernese Mountain Dog: weight
Large size can mean many things, in the case of the Bernese Mountain Dog, it can be safely said that both the weight and the size are great. For the female you go from 40 to 50 Kg, and for the male it reaches 55. Of course I am referring to specimens of this breed that are in good shape, well kept, toned but not obese. As for the height at the withers, since we are in the mood for Bernese Mountain Dog measurements, the male is 64-70, the female 60-63 cm.
Bernese Mountain Dog: appearance
Strong and resistant, well proportioned and harmonious: the Bernese Mountain Dog It is a dog with a solid structure, with well developed muscles, on the hind limbs, above all, but in general on the whole body. The relationships are very proportionate, the back solid, straight, the back wide, strong and muscular. The head of this dog is rather large, but if seen as a whole it is not a "big head", the stop is well marked but not too pronounced, the muzzle is strong and straight with a very evident black nose.
The ears of the Bernese Mountain Dog they are of medium size, triangular and hang framing a very sweet look, that of its dark brown almond-shaped eyes. When moving, not particularly frantic, this dog has one elastic and elongated gait, regular, with the tail which, very hairy, rises before ending, often in action wagging its tail. And destroying knick-knacks and anything that comes within the tail wagging range. No precious porcelain in the house at height Bernese Mountain Dog, I recommend.
As for the coat, tricolor, it is fine, smooth and long, abundant and quite homogeneous in length. There are areas, however, where it shows slightly wavy, but not curled: a kind of frisée. The aforementioned tricolor is composed of intense black and brown and white in spots. The brown tending to red appears on the cheeks, above the eyes, on the 4 limbs and on the chest while the white with a stripe from the skull to the muzzle, on the chest, with a sort of wide cross, and again on the feet.
Bernese Mountain Dog: breeding
In Italy there are a good number of farms of Bernese Mountain Dog even if not everyone can guarantee the same passion, quality and professionalism in running their business.
Montevento's (Montevento Kennel) is the most historic Bernese Mountain Dog breeding among the existing breeding farms in Italy (ENCI / FCI recognized in 1993) which selects the Bernese Shepherd and the Terranova breed to obtain increasingly beautiful, typical and healthy subjects.
All this through a careful selection of matings and thanks to numerous official controls on the main hereditary diseases of the breeds.
The selection of the Newfoundland dog is based exclusively on American and Canadian lines to maintain the typicality of the breed intact: particular attention is paid to the selection of the black-white Newfoundland with a clean white, without flecks.
The genetics of the Bernese Mountain Dogs bred at Montevento's they were initially Swiss and then moved on to Northern European lines (Holland, Denmark, Sweden) to avoid too much inbreeding.
In the first book dedicated to the breed of Bernese Mountain Dog, edited by Cattaneo and De Vecchi, you can already find photographs of the dogs raised at Montevento's.
Breeding a dog of this breed at home is not easy. Even if it is an animal capable of understanding commands and directions, I quit quickly and is indicated as one of the most alert and receptive, when it is stubborn it is difficult to make it change habits. First of all his "vices" that of swallowing objects, pieces of clothes or rags, with the risk of feeling bad ... but nothing to do: he does not learn and it is a rather typical mania of this breed. Let's not even trust the ability to self-regulate with food Bernese Mountain Dog who eats until they burst if they don't stop. If you forget something around, you will not find it intact, indeed, you will not even find the crumbs.
It is not a particularly picky dog, indeed, it must be kept in line. It is important to pay attention to the weight of ours Bernese Mountain Dog also for its tendency to suffer from hip dysplasia.
Bernese Mountain Dog: price
The price of a Bernese Mountain Dog puppy usually does not go very far from a thousand euros if not more Being a fairly delicate dog, it is important to have a lot of certainty about its health and physical condition when we get a puppy, apart from the pedigree and the documents.
Also to keep, the Bernese Mountain Dog it's not cheap: he eats a lot and may need visits due to the troubles he is getting through eating things he shouldn't. Plus one grooming every six months by those in charge, given the long hair, I would say that it is a duty. Lucy really enjoys this date.
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